Hormones and the Skin Understanding Life Changes

Hormones control nearly every aspect of the human body. These chemical messengers are the reasons our immune system functions; they metabolize food into fuel; they control our moods; and they kick-start the many changes associated with puberty and the physiological changes in our skin as we move from youth to old age.

Both men and women go through different stages of hormonal activity during their lives. Often unpredictable in their timing, these fluctuations can have a considerable impact on the skin. Most important are three of the sex hormones: estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. Here’s how they operate in men and women of different ages, and some of the effects they bring.

Girls and Women

For girls, puberty begins around the ages of 9 to 14 and lasts an average of four years. Throughout a woman’s fertile years, her estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone levels fluctuate with themenstrual cycle, affecting skin clarity throughout the month.

Perimenopausal skin can be difficult to treat because the hormonalshifts do not follow a set pattern.

Estrogen levels peak during menstruation, leaving the skin clear of breakouts, then begin to decline on day seven of the menstrual cycle, allowing testosterone to become more dominant. With more testosterone comes increased oil production. On days 15-28, estrogen continues to decrease, while progesterone begins to increase. This is the time of
the month acne breakouts are most likely to occur: as progesterone rises, the follicle walls swell, trapping excess sebum and cell debris in an anaerobic environment conditions in which acne bacteria
thrive.

Perimenopause, when a woman’s fertility begins to decline, can start as early as 35. During this stage, there are volatile hormonal shifts in the rise and fall of estrogen and progesterone. This constant fluctuation creates a multitude of unwanted changes. Melasma can return or worsen, and acne breakouts can surge. Perimenopausal skin
can be difficult to treat because the hormonal shifts do not follow a set pattern.

Menopause marks the end of fertility. The age at which it occurs depends on many factors: diet, genetics, health, and lifestyle.  Menopause brings a significant decrease in estrogen. This often leads to surface dryness, which traps sebum beneath the skin and provides a perfect environment for acne breakouts. The hormonal shift can also cause melasma and other pigmentation changes, as well as the textural changes and wrinkling that come with collagen and elastin breakdown.

A regimen to address the challenges of menopausal skin should include ingredients to encourage collagen and elastin production, including vitamins A and C, palmitoyl tripeptide-38, and retinoids. For older women with dry skin, introduce highly moisturizing ingredients like shea butter, niacinamide, and silicones.

Boys and Men

Puberty for boys generally starts between the ages of 10 and 17, and lasts an average of seven years. During this time, the male body primarily produces testosterone, which increases sebum production.  Coupled with the less-than ideal hygiene habits of many teenage boys, this frequently results in challenging acne breakouts.

Throughout their teens and early 20s, men experience several more spikes in testosterone production. Typically, acne outbreaks cease after this time. Those with a family history of acne, however, may continue to experience breakouts well into their late 20s and sometimes into their early 30s. For these clients, daily care products formulated specifically to treat acne may be needed until testosterone production begins to slow during the next stage of life.

After age 30, testosterone production in men begins to decrease at a rate of 10 percent per decade. Just as with women in this age group, the rate of hormonal change and the resulting physical symptoms differ for each individual. In some men, the change will go unnoticed. In other cases, the testosterone decline can lead to reduced sexual function, changes in body composition, and mood fluctuations– similar to the experiences of older women.

Andropause, the male equivalent of menopause, brings a steep drop in testosterone production. The skin may become dry and rough due to a reduction in sebum production. Medically, this drop in testosterone is referred to as partial androgen decline in the aging male (PADAM), aging-associated androgen deficiency (AAAD), or male hypogonadism.

An older man’s skin care regimen should include the same ingredients recommended for an older woman. Although the hormonal changes involved are different, the result is the same: collagen and elastin production slows, and skin becomes drier. Older men typically need hydrating products to combat hormone-related skin dehydration.
Include lightweight humectants such as lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, glycerin, and urea.

Common Hormonal Skin Conditions

ACNE
Acne can occur at any time of life, but it is most common during puberty (in males and females) and perimenopause (in females). Regardless of the client’s age or gender, the causes are the same:

• Increased keratinization within the follicle.
• Increased sebum production.
• Increased Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.
• Inflammation.

Adolescent acne clients typically have oily, resilient skin, and should have a professional treatment every two weeks. For adult females whose acne follows monthly hormonal fluctuations, use the client’s menstrual cycle as a guide and treat every four weeks.  Perimenopausal acne patients will also be fighting age-related skin concerns.

Jet Peel and Quantum Hydration

The healing energy of negative ions

The fourth state of matter, Plasma is created through a scientific interaction called negative ionization, a process created naturally through effects such as sunlight, waterfalls, ocean waves and lightning. Yosemite Falls produces 100,000 negative ions per cubic centimeter (the size of a sugar cube). The LA freeway has 9.
Plasma technology is a huge advancement in skin care—it has bactericidal, fungicidal and viralcidal properties and mimics the natural renewal and healing processes of the body.  Besides creating feelings of euphoria, plasma ions function as a medically active agent and are ideal for treating sensitive living cells and tissues on a molecular level, disinfecting skin and promoting healing.
Cold plasma technology with the Jet Peel or Quantum Hydration consists of an ionization chamber that ionizes oxygen which is released along with saline solution. When the saline solution comes in contact with the ions the saline also becomes highly energized. This ionized gas disrupts molecular structure. Electro Ionization works differently than lasers, which vaporize skin cells, or chemical peels, which utilize acid to burn skin cells. Electro Ionization technology effects skin cells at a molecular level. The advantage to cellular treatment is that I can achieve substantial results with little or no trauma caused to the skin. Electro Ionization treatments are excellent for clients with sensitive skin or those who have thinning skin and have lost elasticity.
The Jet Peel and Quantum actually thickens the skin, instead of thinning it like most treatments. The Electro Ionization treatment is quick – typically taking between 25-30 minutes for a treatment. No after treatment is necessary following Electro Ionization, because the skin tissue is clinically sterilized, super hydrated, and the procedure is completely non-invasive. Electro Ionization has both long term and immediate results that you can’t find in other procedures. This makes Electro Ionization a true corrective procedure with no down time.
Jet Peel or Quantum Hydration is a skin treatment with no contraindications. If you are looking for a noninvasive skin treatment that produces immediate and long lasting results, the Jet Peel or Quantum is perfect for you.

Progressive SkinCare Ultra Benefit Creme

Progress SkinCare’s  Ultra Benefits is our #1 antioxidant,  anti-aging moisturizer, powered by the advanced ABF Complex® to deliver extraordinary antioxidant protection, brightening and firming benefits.  ABF Complex  delivers 11 times the antioxidant strength of Idebenone and is the only antioxidant to protect against nitrogen as well as oxygen free radicals. It also incorporates a photoprotective soy molecule that is 50% more effective at skin brightening than kojic acid, as well as 5 unique skin firming peptides.

Free radical formation is now recognized as arguably the leading cause of skin aging changes, including wrinkles, uneven pigment, loss of elasticity and skin redness. Progressive SkinCare  products take a cutting edge approach to combating these destructive molecules.

While other antioxidants do not protect against nitrogen free radicals, Ultra Benefits with ABF Complex contains a unique, broad spectrum antioxidant that protects the skin from both oxygen and nitrogen free radical species, providing clients with  enhanced  clinical improvement.

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