Fitzpatrick Classification Scale
The Fitzpatrick Classification Scale was developed in 1975 by Harvard Medical School dermatologist, Thomas Fitzpatrick, MD, PhD. This scale classifies a person's complexion and their tolerance of sunlight. It is used by many practitioners to determine how someone will respond or react to facial treatments, and how likely they are to get skin cancer.
- Type I – PORCELAIN - Very white or freckled skin, always burns with sun exposure (very fair; often in people with red or blond hair and blue eyes)
- Type II – FAIR - White skin, usually burns with sun exposure (fair; often in people with red or blond hair and blue, green, or hazel eyes)
- Type III – CREAMY - White or olive skin tone, sometime burns with sun exposure (fair; seen in people with any hair or eye color)
- Type IV – GOLDEN - Brown skin, rarely burns with sun exposure (common in people of Mediterranean descent)
- Type V – MEDITERRANEAN - Dark brown skin, very rarely burns with sun exposure (common in people of Middle-Eastern descent)
- Type VI – MAHOGANY - Black skin, never burns with sun exposure